Text-Dependent Questions in Action in the Early Grades
Several Common Core State Standards in ELA/Literacy focus on students asking and answering text-dependent questions. These questions require students to read closely and provide text-based evidence, rather than answering from prior knowledge or personal experience. The videos in this collection show this skill in action.
In Teaching Early Readers Questioning Strategies, a teacher models questioning and prepares her young readers for text-dependent questions. In Single-Strategy Instruction, a second-grade teacher uses a visual aid to scaffold her students’ asking “Wh-” questions. Finally, to help students understand and practice asking “on-the-surface” and “under-the-surface” questions, a third-grade teacher guides them through using a graphic organizer in Question Sea. All three teachers demonstrate a “gradual release of responsibility” by first modeling comprehension strategies, then scaffolding students’ independent use of the strategies.
The teachers’ approaches reflect research-based recommendations from the IES Practice Guide, K-3 Reading Comprehension, including: Teach students how to use reading comprehension strategies and Select texts purposefully to support comprehension development. For more details, download and read the Practice Guide.